African Wildlife

Tanzania is known for its massive diversity and concentration of wildlife.  There are over three hundred species of mammals and over a thousand species of birds.

While there are many magnificent animals to be found on safari, there are five in particular which may be singled out and grouped into a special category:  The Big Five.  These are the cape buffalo, the elephant, the lion, the leopard, and the rhinoceros, and it’s always a fun safari activity to search for them and tick them off your list.

All five are found in Tanzania, and some are easier to spot than others.  “Big Five” was a phrase coined by professional game hunters to describe both the difficulty in hunting one of these animals on foot as well as the degree of danger involved.  The name endures and the hunt continues on safari, if only to capture them by camera.

While you are at it, have a look also for The Little Five: the buffalo weaver, the elephant shrew, the ant lion, the leopard tortoise, and the rhinoceros beetle.

The Great Migration is what brings hundreds of thousands of visitors to the Serengeti each year.  The spectacle of thousands of wildebeest thundering into and splashing across the Mara River is one you will not soon forget.

One of nature’s greatest events, the Great Migration refers to the constant movement of large grazing herbivores, mostly wildebeest, in search of fresh grass.  The migrating group includes 200,000 zebra, a million gazelles, and of course 1.5 million wildebeest.   But where these animals are you will also find all the predators that track them, like lions, leopards, and cheetahs, so being near the Great Migration makes for some excellent all-around game viewing.